Geography of Bhutan

Bhutan is a landlocked country in South Asia with a land area of approximately 300km long and 150km wide with an area of 38,394 square kilometers. Bhutan is comparable to Switzerland both in its size. Bhutan shares its border with the two Asian giants China and India. Bhutan is in just eighty-eight-kilometer away from Nepal separated by Sikkim, and sixty kilometers from Bangladesh separated by the West Bengal State of India. Bhutan’s border with China’s covers 470 km in the north and northeast, and approximately 605 kilometers in the south are shared with the Indian States of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, West Bengal, and Sikkim.The Altitude ranges from 160meters in the southern foothills to 7541 meters high in the northern high mountains. With a population of 650,000 (October 2005) Bhutan is one of the sparsely populated counties in the world. The northern region of Bhutan are all glaciated mountain peaks with an extremely cold climate. The land elevation begins from around 200 meters in the south to over 7,500 meters Himalaya peaks in the north. While the Southern lower hills are covered with dense deciduous forest with lowland river valleys. In northern Bhutan all peaks are covered by the snow and Glaciers. Around 70 % of area is covered by forest. The Bhutan forest has provide habitat to more than fifty-five hundred varieties of plant life and several rare and endangered species like the red panda, snow leopard, and golden langur are also found in the Bhutan.